The westward expansion of the United States is one of the defining themes of 19th century American history. By Harriet Scott Palmer, 1939. Hans Ulrich Bryner Jr., the son of Hans Ulrich Bryner and Verena Wintsch was born in Zurich, Switzerland on April 22, 1827. Utah historian Juanita Brooks asked her grandmother about this; Mary Ann Stucki had been among the Mormon handcart pioneers who went West. The pioneers decided to let the sick rest while an advance company with 23 wagons and 42 men led by Orson Pratt scouted out the best route through the mountains. American Pioneers Crossing the Plains in Covered Wagons - stock illustration. Although I was but a girl of 11 years, I distinctly remember many things connected with that far-off time when all of our western country was a wilderness. This painting is in the Daughter’s of the Utah Pioneer Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah. This video has President James E. Faust, President Thomas S. Monson and President Gordon B. Hinckley talking about the tremendous sacrifice that the Mormon pioneers made in crossing the plains. Oregon Trail pioneers pass through the sandhills, painting by William Henry Jackson. This iconic picture, Emigrants Crossing the Plains, one of his most popular, was painted as a direct result of studies that he made during land surveying trips made in the 1850s. The advance party found the Donner Trail, made the year before, and began to follow it. It gives the person’s name, birth date and place, and death date. Total deaths: 1,910. Overall Mortality Rate of Mormon Pioneers Crossing the Plains. But as the main group moved on, others were stricken with the fever. The young author includes enough geographical detail that one can plot the trip. Pioneer Companies that Crossed the Plains 1847-1868 . But when crossing those treeless plains, women had no choice but to relieve themselves in the open. The total of deaths excludes people whose death date is unknown; they are assumed to have survived the trail. traffic at the time.The weather, Indians, sickness, and accidents are all very real dangers on the road. Vintage illustration features American pioneers migrating westward in hopes of securing land and building a prosperous life. It includes only the pioneers who died crossing the plains whose temple work was not completed as of 1918. The count of immigrants is tallied from known records and includes many for whom we have no name. The source for this table is the Historical Resource Study: Mormon Pioneer National Historical Trail, pages 136-150 by Stanley B. Kimball, Ph.D, May 1991, United States Department of the Interior/National Park Service. CROSSING THE PLAINS 2 I was born Nov. 23, 1843, in Pettis county, Missouri, near where the city of Sedalia now is, but there was no city there then, the county seat, Georgetown, was the nearest town from where our farm was. It was painted by Lura Redd. Pioneers Crossing the Plains of Nebraska On April 5, 1847, at 2 p.m., the wagon train moved west from Winter Quarters toward the Great Basin. Image: Hans Ulrich Bryner holding onto the back of the last wagon in this picture. Mission Emigration Records [edit | edit source] With the afternoon start, they made three miles (5 km) and camped in a line a few hundred yards from a stand of timber. Remember, they were wearing long dresses, so it was possible to go to the bathroom with some degree of privacy. This is an alphabetical list of people who died along the trail. Most of the trip was on well known (at the time) trails with bumper to bumper (wagon to wagon?) Summerhays thought there needed to be stones with the children’s names engraved on them and scenes representing the pioneers crossing the plains. Crossing the Plains. (Family History Library book Q973 V2rc; film 413034 item 2). 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